The Cape Verdean government wants the country to be the first in the world to produce all its electricity based on renewable energy through a programme launched in 2010.
According to the CLBrief (China Lusophone Brief) news service the Cape Verdean government has set a 2020-2025 target for 50% of the energy produced in the archipelago to come from either wind or solar sources.
At the same time, the government is working to ensure that by 2020 the entire population of the archipelago has access to electricity, that by 2030 electricity consumption will decrease by 20% and that the entire population will replace the use of charcoal for cooking, used by more than 30% of households, with fuel.
The Cape Verdean government has set up Cabeólica, whose partners include the Africa Finance Corporation, Electra, the Finnish Industrial Co-operation Fund and InfraCo, to develop renewable energy projects and currently has capacity to produce 25.5 MW using 30 turbines at wind farms in Santiago (11), Sal (9), São Vicente (7) and Boavista (3).These wind turbines cost US$90 million but do not produce enough power to meet the country’s needs, which are around 150MW.
According to CLBrief (clbrief.com), the government also aims to reduce energy losses from 30% currently to 8% by 2030 by improving transmission and distribution infrastructure.
Per capita electricity consumption in Cabo Verde (Cape Verde) now stands at 727 kWh7 per year which represents little internationally but is good when compared to most African countries.
National consumption in 2015 was 360 GWh but the Cape Verdean government expects to increase that figure to 670 GWh by 2020.
In order to further develop renewable energies, in September 2017 German company SINN Power signed a contract with the maritime and port authorities of the island of São Vicente to install wave energy power production system. The government of the archipelago is also assessing the possibility of converting the ocean’s thermal energy into electricity by tapping into temperature variations between different ocean depths. (macauhub)