Mining Industry News: Mozambique set to become leading global graphite producer

Samples of graphite grades
Samples of graphite grades

Mozambique, as well as being a worldwide coal producer, is to establish itself as a major exporter of graphite, and in China has found a preferential market for this mineral. A recent analysis of samples collected in Mozambique by Australia’s Triton Minerals concluded that the graphite concentrate can be used to manufacture batteries, specialty products, steel and refractories, lubricants for the automotive and electrical sector and other products.

According to the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), the latest developments in graphite mining in Mozambique show the country “has the potential to emerge as a major global producer” of this raw material, “thanks to abundant reserves and low mining costs.”

These factors make it possible to “take advantage of the growing demand for this mineral,” the EIU added.

The findings aroused the interest of several Chinese companies, including China Aluminium International Engineering Corp Ltd (Chalieco), which recently sealed a deal to buy a third of the production of Syrah Resources.

The agreement provides that Chalieco buy at least 80 tons per year over three years from the Australian company, which can now more easily secure funding to develop the mine.

Triton Minerals recently signed a contract with Yichang Xincheng Graphite Co., Ltd. (YXGC) for the supply of graphite extracted in Mozambique, with a duration of 20 years and a minimum value of US$2 billion.

Stressing that YXGC is currently “China’s largest private producer of high value graphite products,” the company’s chairman, Yue Bin, noted the quality of graphite extracted in Mozambique, which is higher than initially expected, and that the agreement will facilitate procurement of this raw material at “competitive prices” and “indirectly help the economic growth of Mozambique.”

Headquartered in the region of Yichang, Hubei Province, YXGC develops products for various industries such as oil, chemical, metallurgy, machinery, automotive, aerospace, among others, acting in the Chinese market and in more than 20 countries.

In Mozambique, Triton Minerals owns the rights to exploration of three graphite and vanadium concessions in the province of Cabo Delgado, in the north, and the Balama Norte concession, where monte Nicanda is located, is a priority area for the launch of operating activities.

The EIU estimates that Nicanda may contain the world’s largest graphite reserves and Triton “is assessing its options for the development of these deposits alone or in partnership.

If the four graphite production projects announced since February are all launched, Mozambique will become a leading global producer of graphite.

Although the development of the coal industry is on a larger scale, says the EIU, graphite “may in the long run contribute to a more diversified mining sector, while becoming a significant generator of government revenues and exports.”

The developments in mining and, in particular, investment in the mining sector, support projections of “robust economic growth” between 2015 and 2019, at an annual average of 7.4 percent. (macauhub/CN/MZ)


  • Pathfinder Minerals (LON:PFP) favourable court ruling in Mozambique.
    The dispute dates back to 2010, when Pathfinder subsidiary IM Minerals bought virtually all (99.99% to be exact) of Companhia de Naburi (CMDN), which holds licences for a mineral sands project in the country.

    General Veloso, ex-minister of state security in Mozambique has now been ordered to pay full costs and remuneration.

    This was the generals last hope in the Mozambique judicial system and it has been said he will abide with the courts final ruling on matter all along the government ministers have given Pathfinder thier full backing.

    At a meeting in 2011, held without Pathfinder’s knowledge, resolutions were apparently passed that dismissed Pathfinder chief Nicholas Trew and founding shareholder Gordon Dickie as directors of CMDN.

    A decision was then made to cancel the shares in CMDN held by IM Minerals and reissue them to General Veloso, ex-minister of state security in Mozambique and a former director at the company and Diogo Cavaco.

    Veloso claimed that Pathfinder Minerals never legitimately acquired CMDN.
    Pathfinder won a London court case in 2012, which said it did validly acquire CMDN and granted a permanent injunction restraining General Veloso from taking any steps to interfere its rights of ownership of CMDN.

    However, Veloso said Pathfinder broke Mozambique law by going to a London court.
    Today, a court in Maputo, Mozambique ruled in favour of IM Minerals.

    The judge said IM Minerals did not lose its status as a shareholder so CMDN had a right to be notified of and to take part in the December 2011 EGM.

    Speaking after the judgment, Nick Trew, said: “Once again the Maputo courts have confirmed IMM’s status as shareholder in CMDN.

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